Worms in humans: causes, symptoms, treatment

The prevalence of worms among the population is very high. Many diseases occur against the background of the weakening of the body by parasites. A theory of the relationship between oncology and worm infection is being developed. Therefore, you should not start the situation, but it is better to take preventive measures.

abdominal pain as a sign of the presence of worms

Ways of infection

The rate of spread of parasites depends on the conditions. Helminths multiply faster in areas with high temperatures and high humidity. This indicator is influenced by hygiene habits and standards.

It is believed that only children get worms. An adult can be infected with parasites throughout his life without realizing it. Some categories of people are at risk - hunters, fishermen, pet owners, gardeners.

There are many adult helminth eggs in the soil (water) where they are formed from animal and human feces. Any contact with the soil can be infected with parasites. Pets bring home particles in children's toys, adult shoes, flies on their feet and wings. Food that comes in contact with the soil may also contain soil residues.

In an infected person, the eggs of worms will be in the hands, household items, clothes and furniture. It is not necessary to come into direct contact with such a person (for example, shaking hands) for an infection to occur. It is enough to use the door handle in his house.

Infection with helminths through food is widespread among the adult population. Eating meat cooked with insufficient heat causes fish disease. You can be infected with unsalted, smoked or frozen tea fish. Infected undercooked meat is dangerous. There are many helminth eggs in open reservoirs. Swimming penetrates the human body when accidentally swallowed during diving. Such juice is not recommended for cooking or should be boiled for a long time.

Worm eggs are transmitted when an insect bites, and in the future the parasites will live under the skin. This method of infection is more typical for tropical humid climates. But elsewhere, there are cases of parasites being spread by blood-sucking insects.

Manifestation of infection

Symptoms of worms in the body may appear at different times from the moment of infection. When Ascaris enters the body, symptoms appear on the third day. Symptoms of infection with all other helminths appear after about 3 weeks.

Because this invasion is parasitic, the worms will feed on the host's resources. Signs of their presence will be based on the loss of nutrients by the human body. The course of pathologies (helminthiasis) is acute and chronic. In acute form, the period does not exceed three weeks. It is usually associated with a parasitic infection. In the chronic form, the period lasts for months, years, decades. It is difficult to make a correct diagnosis because there is no connection between poor health and the presence of worms. Symptoms are vague, suitable for other diseases.

Helminths live in various internal organs. Depending on where they are collected, characteristic symptoms appear. There may be pain in the joints and muscles - this is a symptom of parasites localized in the joint fluid, muscle fibers. Arthritis is often misdiagnosed. Signs of worms in the lungs are asthma, pneumonia, persistent cough that is difficult to treat.

Each parasite emits toxic waste throughout its life. Their action leads to the exacerbation of chronic pathologies, the onset of new inflammatory processes. In the nasopharynx, sinusitis, sinusitis, oral cavity - stomatitis, diseases of the genitals, appendages, currants can begin.


Modern diagnostic methods allow to determine the presence of parasites in the body, to determine their type, age, stage of development. This makes it easier for doctors to plan treatment and speeds up a person's recovery.

Fecal analysis may not always detect an infection. You will need to test several times to get an accurate result, but the stool may contain eggs of all known helminths. Venous blood analysis is more informative. Scratching from the anus allows you to identify a number of helminths in the intestines, such as ascaris and pinworms.

High-precision enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay shows the presence of adult worms, eggs and their diversity in the human body. If necessary, the secretion of the duodenum is studied.

Your doctor may recommend repeating the tests for a more accurate result. A single negative result cannot guarantee the absence of parasites.

Get rid of worms

Treatment of the body from helminths is carried out by specialists - parasitologists. Modern medicine has a special focus on the wide and narrow nature of different types of worms. The exact cause of the disease must be determined, so self-medication is unserious and dangerous. Drugs are toxic, it is necessary to carefully choose the drug that will be effective against a particular type of parasite.

The main drugs are:

All anthelmintics have side effects. These include dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, abdominal pain, nausea attacks and other signs of chemical poisoning. Enterosorbents, such as activated carbon, will help to get rid of such adverse events (take 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight).

There are drops of worms on sale. This is a convenient dosage form that allows you to measure the dose more accurately. This is difficult to do with tablets because they are covered with a protective coating that should never be broken.

What it means to treat, the doctor must choose, it will avoid intoxication. After all, it is not enough to destroy parasites, it is necessary to remove their remains from the human body. They will continue to remain in the human body, decomposing, releasing toxins into the blood. After that, you can start hurting again.

The final stage of treatment should be recovery. The whole body was destroyed, the destructive effect of toxins. Where the parasites moved, there were traces of their uncles. The infection easily attaches to these bleeding wounds and secondary diseases begin. Special drugs are taken to prevent such a development.

There is a special scheme of what to do when treating a parasitic disease. With self-medication, the patient does not go through all these stages, so it is necessary to seek help from a doctor. Folk remedies will be a good addition to the classic methods of treatment, effective in the recovery period.

Prevention measures

Parasites cause great damage to the body. Preventive measures should be taken, especially for those at risk. Medication should be carried out in the spring and before the first frost. For this, anthelmintic drugs are taken in a single dose. It is better to choose a drug with a doctor, especially for children.

The remaining preventive measures are to prevent parasites from entering the body. If the helminth does not enter the host's body in time, then it dies. By cutting off all penetration routes and following the rules of cleanliness and hygiene, you can prevent the growth of parasites in your body.